Antibiotic – A drug prescribed by a health care provider (Doctor, Nurse Practitioner or Doctor’s Assistant) used to treat infections or diseases caused by bacteria. Antibiotic have no effect of viruses.
Bacteria – One-celled tiny (microscopic) organisms found in living things, air, soil and water. Some are helpful to humans, some cause diseases and some have no effect on humans.
Bingeing -Doing anything excessively for example, drinking alcohol or eating food.
Cervix – The lower portion of the uterus, which opens at the back of the vagina. Semen enters through the cervix on its way to meeting with and fertilizing an egg. Babies come through the cervix on their way to being born.
Constipation – Infrequent or hard bowel movements that can cause discomfort and or pain.
Curable – Capable of being healed.
Disease – An abnormal bodily condition that impairs functioning.
Egg – The female reproductive cell of various animals held in the ovary; an ovum
Estrogen – A hormone in the female’s body that regulates her reproductive system.
Ejaculation – The release of semen from the penis.
Fallopian Tubes – Two tubes that reach from the uterus to the ovaries.
Fasting – Not eating food for a period of time.
Fertile – Capable of reproducing. Humans reproduce by having children.
Fertilization – Egg and sperm coming together produce a fertilized egg and eventually, a baby.
Gender – referring to one or the other of two sexes – male or female.
Gender Identity – a person’s inner sense of being male or female. Gender identity usually but not always corresponds to the sex (male or female) of the person.
Genital– The male or female reproductive organs on the outside of the body.
Genital Contact – Any type of physical touching between two peoples’ genital areas. This does not necessarily include intercourse. Genital contact that is not intercourse is called outercourse
Hormones – Chemicals released by the glands in the body. Sexual hormones affect the way people behave and their physical appearance and reproduction. Hormones bring about the changes of puberty.
Immune – Protected from certain illnesses and physical conditions.
Implantation – The attachment of the fertilized egg to the inner walls of the uterus.
Incurable – Not capable of being healed or cured.
Infection – The invasion of the body by harmful tiny (microscopic) organisms that cause illness.
Intercourse – A type of sexual contact involving one of the following: (1) insertion of a man’s penis into a woman’s vagina (vaginal intercourse); (2) placement of the mouth on the genitals of another person (oral intercourse) or (3) insertion of a man’s penis into the anus of another person (anal intercourse).
Intimacy – Emotional and/or physical closeness or familiarity.
Latex – A rubber material. Most male condoms and hospital gloves are made of this material.
Laxative – A medicine that loosens the bowel contents and encourages bowel movements.
Masturbation – Giving oneself sexual pleasure.
Organisms – Small living things
Orgasm – a reflex of pleasurable sensations that result from sexual stimulation through masturbation, sexual intercourse or sexual outercourse. Often called ‘com’ or climax
Ovaries – Two sacs of eggs that lie on either side of the uterus. Each ovary is roughly the size of an almond. The ovaries produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Parasite – Any living thing that grows, feeds and is sheltered by another living thing. Some examples of parasites are tapeworms and lice.
Penix – A male sex organ that also functions and the channel by which urine leaves the body.
Purging – To empty (meaning to make oneself vomit after eating a lot of food)
Pap Smear – A routine test for cervical cancer in which a few cells are removed from the cervix and examined.
Pre-ejaculate – A clear, sticky fluid that appears at the tip of the penis before ejaculation. Pre-ejaculate is secreted from the glands and can contain sperm, and virus or bacteria if the man has a sexually transmitted infection.
Progesterone – A sex hormone in women that prepares the uterus for implantation of the fertilized egg by making the lining thicker so the egg can stick to the wall.
Sexual Orientation – The direction of one’s sexual interest toward members of the same, opposite, or both sexes.
Semen – A sticky fluid made of seminal fluid and sperm. The fluid provides nutrients for the sperm, improves their motility (ability to swim) and improves their survival in the female reproductive tract.
Speculum – An instrument used to open the walls of a body cavity so that it can be examined. For example, a vaginal speculum holds the walls of the vagina open so the cervix can be examined.
Sperm – The male reproductive cell. Sperm are made up of a head, midpiece, and tail. The head contains the chromosomes. The midpiece contains the energy-producing part of the cell. The tail whips around like a propeller to move the sperm forward.
Symptom – An indicator or characteristic of a condition. Some symptoms of a cold might be sore throat, cough, and headache.
Testicle – A male reporductive gland that produces sperm/
Testosterone – The male sex hormone.
Treatable – The ability to manage or care for a problem. Some treatments will cure a problem; others can only relieve discomfort or pain.
Urinate – To “pee” or release urine from the bladder through the urethra.
Uterus – Sometimes called the womb, the uterus is a strong, hollow muscle located on the inside of a woman’s body above the vagina. The uterus provides a place where eggs are fertilized by sperm and then a safe and nourishing cavity in which the embryo can grow into a baby. When the embryo finally becomes a baby, the uterus contracts pushing the baby from the body. Hormones regulate the activities of the uterus.
Vaccine – A medicine given to a person to make them immune to certain diseases and illnesses.
Vas Deferens – Two 17-inch tubes that lead from the testicles to the urethra in the penis. The vas deferens is responsible for adding fluid to the newly developed sperm to make semen.
Virus – An organism formed of genes surrounded by a protein coating. A virus is technically, not a living organism since it cannot make a new copy of itself (reproduce). The virus invades a living cell and uses that cell to reproduce itself.